21/09: international day of peace #2
In your opinion, are the notions of peace and democracy inseparable?
Today is the International Day of Democracy (A/RES/62/7), which provides an opportunity to review the state of democracy in the world. Democracy is as much a process as a goal, and only with the full participation of and support by the international community, national governing bodies, civil society and individuals, can the ideal of democracy be made into a reality to be enjoyed by everyone, everywhere.
The values of freedom, respect for human rights and the principle of holding periodic and genuine elections by universal suffrage are essential elements of democracy. In turn, democracy provides the natural environment for the protection and effective realization of human rights. These values are embodied in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and further developed in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rightswhich enshrines a host of political rights and civil liberties underpinning meaningful democracies.
U4P, Peace, and democracy
The first two stated Purposes of the United Nations are:
“To maintain international peace and security, and to that end: to take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace, and for the suppression of acts of aggression or other breaches of the peace, and to bring about by peaceful means, and in conformity with the principles of justice and international law, adjustment or settlement of international disputes or situations which might lead to a breach of the peace”, and
“To develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples, and to take other appropriate measures to strengthen universal peace”.
The Uniting for Peace Resolution (‘U4P’) reaffirms “the importance of the exercise by the Security Council of its primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security, and the duty of the permanent members to seek unanimity and to exercise restraint in the use of the veto”. Indeed, the veto power was criticized numerous times in light of the notion of democracy and human rights (see as an illustration: https://www.moroccoworldnews.com/2012/08/50184/the-un-and-the-veto-power-a-fatal-blow-to-democracy/ ; https://www.nowthisworld.net/the-problem-with-the-un-veto-power-nowthis-world/).